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Article Title :

Restoring and Controlling the Water Pollution of Endangered River in Bangladesh: A Case Study in Pabna City

3 (2019)

2

68-81

Waste Dumping , Development plan , Visitor attraction , Economic Return , Urban , River , City

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Rivers are the lifeline of Bangladesh economy and serve as the source of water supply, fisheries, irrigation for agriculture, low-cost transport, generate electricity and conserve biodiversity. The Ichamati River situated in Pabna, Bangladesh is also a blessing for the city. However, recently, due to the irregular and unplanned activities adjacent to the riverside, the life, flow and water quality of the river is in a vulnerable condition. This study aims to identify the present status of the Ichamati River and provide an effective design approach and policy measures in restoring the river flow and control water pollution. The data was collected from the questioner surveys, key informant interviews and focus group discussions. Results suggest that several factors such as the construction of an illegal settlement, unplanned waste dumping, disposal of fiscal sludge through sewerage connection, lack of awareness among people regarding the importance of river biodiversity and absence of riverfront development and conservation plan are responsible for water pollution, inconsistent water flow and damaging the life cycle of Ichamati river. The design approach and policy measures were developed based on the perceptions of local community people, experts and government officials. The suggested policy measures will help to restore the flow of the river and reduce the water pollution, and the design approach will ensure the economic benefit of the riverfront development in future.

This study aims to propose suitable solutions to restore the river and control its water pollution.

The data were collected from the questioner surveys, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions.

The design approach and policy measures were developed based on the perceptions of local community people, experts and government officials.

Three river-front plans are suggested for development of the Ichamati in Pabna, Bangladesh.

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