Geoelectrical data was acquired using Wenner array over 23 sites with constant electrode separation of 70 m over Chikotra Basin, Dist. Kolhapur, Maharashtra (India). The spatial variation maps of resistivity at depths from 2 to 70 m were plotted using Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) technique for interpolation in ArcGIS 10.5 to obtain a comprehensive subsurface hydrogeological representation of the study area. High resistivity (>140 Ωm) up to 20m depth, indicative of massive basalts is deciphered towards the NE part of the study area, while the NW sector reveal low resistive (up to 40 Ωm) feature at shallow depths due to fractured basalts, thus conducive for groundwater exploration. Alluvium deposits and columnar jointed basalts in the central part depicts as EW trending conductive (< 30 Ωm) feature suggesting prospective groundwater zone. Low resistivity (6-50 Ωm) from shallow to deeper depths (up to 70m), in the southern region can be identified as potential aquifer system. Longitudinal geoelectric cross-sections are generated over four profiles to identify the lateral and vertical variation in geology and groundwater potential zones. The western and central part of the northern profile (A-A') is highly resistive with resistivity of the order of 80-140 Ωm constituting compact basalts and thus devoid of water. Low resistive zone (30 Ωm) in the eastern part suggests groundwater at shallow depths. Low resistivity zones ranging from 10-50 Ωm is observed at different depth levels over the central profile (B-B') which can be tapped for groundwater exploitation. Several sites over profiles C-C' and the southern-most D-D' suggest promising aquifer zones. Because defining prospective groundwater zones in hard rock terrain is difficult, it’s crucial to look into a river basin’s hydrogeological arrangement early on in the planning process.
Assorted kinds of violence and discrimination against women’s access to land ownership seem to be the most criticized the moment their dismissal is no longer a necessity for the Moroccan Legislator. It is hard to deny that all rights and obligations related to access to land, seen as a tangible resource, constitute the first-rate concerns of citizenship. As such, women not only call for an austere equality to men in the broadest sense of the term, but also for access to key positions in the society mainly through access to the means of production1 (El Yaagoubi, 2012: 33). The idea that women are landowners has become an in-vogue question. It is possible to say that women are heading towards building a social class that is becoming more voluble and visible. A reform of their tenure status is imperative bearing in mind that land property is directly associated with power. It is therefore appropriate that legal regimes of different land statuses take into consideration the benefits of this category given the fact that women constitute more than half of the population.
Occidental discourses tend to revise orientalist images about the orient. Many authors have taken the responsibility of giving a new voice to the occident and among those is Fatima Mernissi. In this regard, this paper aims at discussing the shift that has marked the writings of Fatima Mernissi with a particular focus on her book, ‘Shehrazad Goes West: Different Cultures, Different Harems’. It is undeniable that Fatima Mernissi‘s thoughts have known a radical change in terms of ideology and discourse. ‘Shehrazad Goes West’ seems to promote an Occidentalist discourse that isn’t based on appropriating orientalist rhetorical images of the orient but rather on revising/ reconsidering the tropes of essentialism, dehumanization and fixity that Orientalist texts usually opt for. From an auto-orientalist discourse that Mernissi advocated in her narrative Dreams of Trespass, we move to another discourse that manifests itself in ‘Shehrazad Goes West’, which is Occidentalism. In this article, based on a postcolonial feminist approach, I argue that Fatima Mernissi uses another approach of occidentalism in her construction of Western gender relations and the space of Western Harem. Instead of constructing a counter-hegemonic discourse to orientalism that based on misrepresenting the “other” and denying their voices, Eastern representation of the West in ‘Shehrazad Goes West’ does not keep with the same rhetoric of orientalism; rather it dismantles that logic which victimized people of the East and replaces it with a humane vocabulary. Moreover, the Occidentalist approach appropriated in the book does not only target the occident but also the orient resulting on what Abdelkbir Khatibi calls “double critiques”. The significance of this paper lies in highlighting such a potentially inclusive and democratic discourse that would counterbalance the politics of othering inherent in the discourse of orientalism.
Kerala is the gateway of the Indian southwest monsoon. The Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM) rainfall data is an efficient approach to rainfall measurement. This study explores the temporal variability in rainfall and trends over Kerala from 1998-2019 using TRMM data and observatory data procured from India Meteorological Department (IMD). Direct comparison with observatory data at various time scales proved the reliability of the TRMM data (monthly, seasonal and annual). The temporal rainfall converted by averaging the data on an annual, monthly and seasonal time scale, and the results have confirmed that the rainfall estimated based on satellite data is dependable. The station wise comparison of rainfall in monsoon season provides satisfactory results. However, estimation of rainfall in mountainous areas is challenging task using the TRMM. In the basins of humid tropical regions, TRMM data can be a valuable source of rainfall data for water resource management and monitoring with some vigilance. In Kerala, the study found an insignificant increase in the southwest monsoon and winter season rainfall during last two decades. The rainfall over Kerala showed uncertainty in the distribution of monthly, seasonal and yearly time scales. This study provides a preview of recent weather patterns that would enable us to make better decisions and improve public policy against climate change.
Maternal Health Care (MHC) is very essential for improvement in the health status of the mother and children. The present study attempts to show the role of mass media on the utilization of MHC services in India. The entire study depends on secondary data collected from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4, 2015-16). Initially, the data has been analyzed by some descriptive statistics and for the proper depiction of the result, binary logistic regression has been conducted. The unadjusted odds ratio (UOR) has shown media exposure positively and significantly associated with the utilization of the majority of MHC services. The adjusted odds ratio has a less effective association with the MHC services compare to the unadjusted odds ratio. Other controlling variables including maternal age, age at marriage, birth order, education, caste, religion, wealth index, place of residence, and the region has also affect the health care services.